Great Canadian Parks / Québec

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The Parks / Québec / Forillon National Park



 


 

Early habitation was likely seasonal. Archaeological evidence dates prehistoric human occupation centuries before Jacques Cartier arrived in 1534. Cartier encountered Huron-Iroquois whose harmony with nature, living off the sea, rapidly changed to fur trading and commerce with the Europeans. In the eighteenth century, fishing villages based on the export of dried cod to Europe and the Caribbean were established along the coast. The Battle of Ristigouche National Historic Site commemorates the final relief expedition dispatched by France to its American colony several months after the fall of Quebec City to the British in 1759. At this time, English settlements brought large fishing enterprises, the American Revolution drove Loyalists into the area and the Irish came to escape the potato famine. Through much of the 19th century, big Anglo-Norman monopolies controlled the economy, and the fishermenŽs lives, with the ‘Jersey’ credit/barter system, always in the company's favour, mainly in the settlement at Grade-Grave.

 

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