Great Canadian Parks / Prince Edward Island

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The Parks / Prince Edward Island / Prince Edward Island National Park




The ponds and marshes that develop inland, such as the wetlands around Cavendish Sandspit and Covehead Bridge, provide critical nesting and breeding habitat for the piping plover, an endangered species, and the common tern, both under the park’s protection. The lagoons, beaches and salt marshes such as Brackly Marsh are frequented by many species of ducks and shorebirds. Great blue herons stalk the salt marshes and shorelines. Many of the island’s 200 categories of birds can be seen in the park. Common mammals include snowshoe hare, red fox, muskrat, mink, raccoon and skunk. Coyotes have recently arrived to prey upon the park’s abundance of red squirrels. Eastern brook trout, Atlantic salmon, perch, smelt and rainbow trout are found in the rivers that drain into the coastal bays.

 






 

Perhaps the best known feature of the park is the landmark Green Gables House, located at Cavendish in the west end of the park. Once home to the cousins of Lucy Maud Montgomery, the pretty wooden farmhouse inspired the setting for many of her novels, most notably her classic, Anne of Green Gables (1908). Famous internationally as a literary backdrop, as an historic site, it also portrays the cultural environment and lifestyle of most island families in the late 19th century. The Green Gables property was acquired for inclusion in the park in 1937. In the eastern end of the park is the elegant Victorian mansion, Dalvay-by-the-Sea, built in 1895 as a summer home for the American industrialist, Alexander MacDonald. It was declared a National Historic Site in 1993.

 

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