Great Canadian Parks / Prince Edward Island

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The Parks / Prince Edward Island / Greenwich


 


 


The south shore of the Greenwich peninsula is particularly rich in evidence of past human use. Remains indicate the presence of at least six cultures: late Paleo-Indian, Early/ Middle Archaic, Maritime Woodland/ Late Archaic, Late Prehistoric, Proto-Historic and Recent Historic, ranging from aboriginal to evidence of Acadian and Scottish habitation in the 18th century. In the 1960’s, amateur archeologist Rollie Jones began collecting artifacts he found exposed on the beach of St. Peters Bay. In 1983, ’85 and ’87, layers of the site were excavated to reveal close to 700 ancient artifacts, evidence of habitation dating back 11 000 years. Hunting spear points and implements brought from northern Labrador speak of the nomadic lifestyle of the earliest people. Relics typical of the more recent settlements of Acadians at the mouth of St. Peters Bay include glassware and ceramic ware; a barely visible foundation may mark the site of their church and cemetery on the ridge west of the Jones site. There is work in progress to map the bottom of the ocean where a land bridge may have existed 3 - 4000 years ago linking the island to the mainland; submerged archeological resources would add much to our knowledge of the history of Prince Edward Island.

 

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