Great Canadian Parks / Nunavut

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The Parks / Nunavut / Auyuittuq National Park



The sparse tundra vegetation limits the number of animal species: only 12 species of mammals occur in Auyuittaq Park and their population densities are low. Lemmings, the large arctic hare, ermine, red and arctic fox and some caribou are protected here. From June to August, the 28 species of birds recorded as regular inhabitants include the ptarmigan, snowy owls, eider ducks, peregrine falcons and gyrfalcons, snow buntings, longspurs, water pipits, Canada geese and glaucous gulls.

 

Plentiful and varied communities of marine animals, particularly ringed, bearded and harp seals, beluga whales, narwhal and walrus, inhabit the park’s coastal waters. In the late summer, polar bears that can weigh up to 450 kilograms and are the most powerful predator in the Arctic, begin to come ashore to their Baffin Island breeding grounds. They remain until about November, when the hardening pack ice again provides a platform for their hunting. Barren-ground caribou are very rare in the park but are still hunted by the Inuit. The arctic char, fished in the fjords of Davis Strait, are usually not the main goal of a visit to the park.

 

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