Great Canadian Parks / New Brunswick

Page 1 2 3 4 5 Quiz

The Parks / New Brunswick / Kouchibouguac National Park



 

Eight distinct habitats include century-old pine forests, abandoned open fields scattered with wild flowers, 20 large bogs and countless smaller bogs, fresh water brooks and rivers, salt marshes, lagoons and estuaries. The wide range of habitat types in the park support 1600 species of highly diverse flora. Uncommon plant species, such as the southern twayblade, found in the timberland, carnivorous pitcher plants, sundew and bladderwort growing in small ponds and the rarest orchid in eastern Canada surprise and delight the park’s visitors.

 

 


 

Along the Kouchibouguac River, the more humid conditions encourage mushrooms, berries and wild flowers. In the wooded area where logging, forest fires and agriculture over the last 300 - 400 years have left only remnants of the original forests, white spruce, black spruce, balsam fir and tamarack predominate. Where the ground is fairly open, trilliums, trout lilies and bunchberries bloom. Marram grass is the only plant that can initially colonize the dunes, stabilizing the shifting sands and enabling other species to become entrenched. In slightly more established areas the searocket and bayberry take hold. Bogs, which comprise 21% of the park’s total area, build up layer upon layer of sphagnum moss and small shrubs to form a living sponge. The 5 metres of condensed layers of Kelly’s Bog over the years have become peat.

 

Page 1 2 3 4 5 Quiz